October 19

Event:
1765
The American Stamp Act Congress meeting in New York adopts The Declaration of Rights and Grievances which raises fourteen points of colonial protest against the Stamp Act as well as only colonial assemblies had the right to tax the colonies and Parliament could not represent the colonist.

1781 Lord Cornwallis surrenders his British Army at Yorktown Virginia. His surrender is the beginning of the events that lead to the end of the war between Great Britain and the United States of America.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

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Published in: on October 19, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

October 17

Event:
1777 British General Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga. The British had planned to separate New England from the rest of the colonies by capturing the Hudson River valley. This ended the plan and was a turning point in the War for Independence.

1779 The American Army under the leadership of General George Washington opens their winter camp at Morristown, New Jersey. The winter of 1778 is one of the worst ever and Washington’s troops spend another winter with few supplies. Morale is low and there are desertions as well as attempts at mutiny.

1781 As Yorktown is about to be taken, the British send out a flag of truce. Washington and Cornwallis begin to determine the terms of surrender.

Celebrated Birth:
Jacob Broom (b. 1752 – April 25, 1810) Delaware member of the Constitutional Convention, signed the Constitution.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on October 17, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

October 14

Event:
1773
East India Company tea ships’ cargo is burned at Annapolis, Maryland.

1774 Congress approves Declaration of Rights and Grievances.

1780 George Washington names Nathanael Greene commander of the Southern Army. Greene takes command on December 2, 1780 at Charlotte, North Carolina.

Celebrated Birth:
Francis Lightfoot Lee (b. 1734 – January 11, 1797) Virginian, member of Virginia House of Burgesses, member of Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on October 14, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

October 6

Event:
1781
The combined Americans and French forces begin the final siege against General Charles Cornwallis’ troops at Yorktown.

1786 Antonio Sacchini, Italian opera composer dies.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on October 6, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 28

Event:

1779 Samuel Huntington of Connecticut becomes the seventh President of the Continental Congress. He replaced John Jay, who left to become Ambassador to Spain. He is President when the Articles of Confederations takes effect becoming the first President of the United States in Congress Assembled. He serves until July 9, 1781 when ill health forces him to resign.

1781 The combined American/French army of nearly 17,000 men begin the siege of Yorktown. French cannons bombard Cornwallis and his 9000 men day and night while the Allied lines slowly advance and encircle them.

1785 Sixteen year old Napoleon Bonaparte graduates from the military academy in Paris. Out of the class of 51 he is 42nd.

1787 The United States Constitution as created at the Philadelphia (Constitutional) Conference is voted by the Continental Congress to be submitted to the thirteen United States for ratification.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 28, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 22

Events:
1774
Pope Clement XIV dies.

1776 Nathan Hale is hung by the British in New York as a spy. He had been captured the day before during the New York fire and notes and drawings were discovered hidden in his clothes. Hale admitted he was a Patriot soldier, an admission that sealed his fate. He had been out of uniform and operated behind enemy lines; under the existing rules of war he was subject to execution without trial. At this time British officers were especially uneasy about spies. The diary entry of Lt. Robert MacKensie, a British officer in New York at the time read, “He behaved with great composure and resolution, saying he thought it the duty of every good Officer, to obey any orders given him by his Commander-in-Chief; and desired the Spectators to be at all times prepared to meet death in whatever shape it might appear.”

1784 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 22, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 21

Event:
1776
During the night a fire breaks out in New York. Strong winds quickly spread the flames among tightly packed homes and businesses. Many residents are forced onto the streets, clutching the few possessions they could gather, and find refuge on the grassy town common. The fire rages into the daylight hours and eventually consumed between 400 and 500 buildings — about one-quarter of the city. There has never been a definite answer on how the fire started. However, even Washington speculated that Patriot arsonists might have been at work.

1780 Benedict Arnold as the commander of the Fort in West Point meets with British spy John André and gives him information that could allow the British to capture the fort. André will be caught with the information and Arnold’s treason is discovers. Arnold will not be captured, but will join the British.

Celebrated Birth:
Francis Hopkinson (b. 1737 – May 9, 1791) New Jersey Lawyer, member of Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence

John McAdam (b. 1756 – November 26, 1836) Scottish engineer and road builder. During the Revolutionary Period he worked in his uncle’s counting house in New York, but in the early 19th century he developed a process of road building that raised them above ground and constructed by layers of rocks and gravel. The system was termed macadamisation and is now known as macadam.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 21, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 16

Event:
1776
The Battle of Harlem Heights. American forces pushed back the British on northern Manhattan. This gained them a measure of confidence after a series of loses.

1782 The Seal of the United States is used for the first time by Charles Thomson, Secretary of the Continental Congress. It is used to verify signatures on a document that authorized George Washington to negotiate an exchange of prisoners. The Secretary remained in procession of the seal until the Constitution installed a new American Government in 1789 at which time it passed to the Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson.

1787 The Prussian Army in an attempt to win a battle with the Utrecht marches on Amsterdam only to find the Utrecht’s have already left.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 16, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 15

Event:
1762
Empress Go-Sakuramachi, Toshiko, becomes Empress of Japan. She was the 117th imperial ruler and the last of eight empresses. She would abdicate to her nephew on January 9, 1771.

1774 Cossack leader Yemelyan Pugachev, who led a rebellion against Catherine the Great of Russia, believing he was the rightful heir to the throne is turned over to the Tsarist government by his own men.

1776 The Battle of Kip’s Bay. British warships took positions on Kip’s Bay to provide protection for a flotilla of flat-bottomed boats that ferried 4,000 British soldiers to Manhattan. American forces under Colonel William Douglas put up a meager resistance before breaking and running. Washington observed the disarray from a hilltop vantage point. He rushed on horseback into the fray in an attempt to reform the Patriot lines. His cries of encouragement failed to have the desired effect and, increasingly angry, he swatted fleeing soldiers with the flat side of his sword. It was later noted that both privates and colonels were running from the battle and Washington treated both with “democratic indiscrimination.” The commander’s aides finally grabbed the reins of his horse and pulled him from the field in an effort to avoid his capture. The Battle of Kip’s Bay placed New York City firmly in British hands, where it would remain for the course of the war.

1787 Utrecht patriots flee from Amsterdam leaving the city empty when it is entered by the Prussian Army.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 15, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment  

September 12

Event:
1776
Nathan Hale having volunteered to spy British lines begins his spy mission into the British held city of New York leaving from Norwalk, Connecticut. He was under the disguise as a schoolteacher. His mission would prove a failure since he would be captured on September 21 and hung a day later.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period goto: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

Published in: on September 12, 2010 at 12:01 am  Leave a Comment