April 30

Event:
1789 George Washington at Federal Hall in New York is inaugurated as the first President of the United States under the newly adopted United States Constitution.

Birth:
1777 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician and scientist. His influence was felt in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked among one of history’s most influential mathematicians.

*****
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April 29

Event:
1768
George Brandt dies. He was a Swedish chemist and discovered cobalt.

Celebrated Birth:
Oliver Ellsworth (b. 1745 – November 26, 1807) Connecticut member of the Continental Congress, member of the Constitutional Convention.

*****
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April 28

Event:
1781
Cornelius Harnett dies. He was a Revolutionary statesman from North Carolina.

1788 Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1789 Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against Captain William Bligh.

Celebrated Birth:
James Monroe (b. 1758 – July 4, 1831) soldier in the Continental Army, member of the Continental Congress, opposed the creation of a strong national government (Anti-Federalist).

*****
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April 27

Event:
1777
At the Battle of Ridgefield, American Generals David Wooster and Benedict Arnold attempts to hold off the British. During the Battle General Wooster is wounded and will die five days later.

Celebrated Birth:
Edward Gibbon (b. 1737 (OS) – January 16, 1794) an English historian who published, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, between 1776 and 1788.

*****
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April 26

Event:
1777 Upon learning that British Troops are burning Danbury, Connecticut Sybil Ludington, the 16 year old daughter of the militia commander, rode a 40 mile trip to announce it to the minutemen. She avoided both British Troops and Highwaymen as she traveled through Carmel, Mahopac, Kent Cliffs, Farmers Mills and finally back home.

1782 Seven Thousand Loyalist leave New York. The number of Loyalist that has left the United States to Canada reaches 100,000.

Birth:
1785 John James Audubon, Franco-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He painted, catalogued, and described the birds of North America.

*****
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April 25

Event:
1781
The Battle of Hobkirk’s Hill, sometimes referred to as the Second Battle of Camden, is fought. The British, led by Lieutenant Colonel Lord Francis Rawdon, defeats the Americans led by General Nathanael Greene near Camden, South Carolina.

*****
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April 24

Event:
1779
Eleazar Wheelock dies. He was the founder of Dartmouth College.

Celebrated Birth:
Edmund Cartwright (b. 1743 – October 30, 1823) an English clergyman and inventor of the power loom in 1784.

*****
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April 23

Event:
1775
The Massachusetts assembly orders 13,600 American soldiers to be mobilized. Colonial volunteers from all over New England assemble and head for Boston where camps are established around the city.

Birth:
1775
Joseph Mallord William Turner, an English Romantic landscape artist, whose style laid the foundation for Impressionism.

*****
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April 22

Event:
1774
In New York a mob boosted by the events in Boston, which have been termed the Boston Tea Party, boards a ship loaded with tea and destroys the contents.

1788 Inventor James Hargreaves dies. In 1764, he realized that if a number of cotton spindles were placed upright and side by side, several threads might be spun at once. This he called the spinning jenny.

Celebrated Birth:
Eleazar Wheelock (b. 1711 – April 24, 1779) American Congregational minister, orator, educator, and founder of Dartmouth College.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period click: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

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April 21

Birth:
1775
Alexander Anderson, American illustrator.

Celebrated Birth:
Catherine II, the Great (b. 1729 – November 17, 1796) Empress of Russia.

*****
For a Spiral Bound book with information on events that happened on each day of the year during the American Revolutionary Period click: American Revolutionary Period: 1760-1789

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